Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Swine flu

27 April 2009

A novel strain of H1N1 swine influenza virus has now also been isolated from cases of respiratory disease in Mexico City, New York City, and two locations in Canada. Clearly I was
wrong in hypothesizing that the five mild cases in Texas and California reported last week were not a cause for alarm.

In Mexico City there have been over 1,000 cases of respiratory illness, with 86 fatalities. The influenza virus isolated from these individuals is similar to the H1N1 virus found in the American children last week. This virus has caused four cases of influenza in Nova Scotia, and two in British Columbia, Canada. It has also been isolated in Kansas and New York City. All American and Canadian infections have so far been mild.

There isn’t much information yet available about the genetic and antigenic composition of the virus, but CDC has said that it contains genetic material from North American swine and avian influenza viruses, human influenza virus, and swine influenza viruses found in Asia and Europe. The specific combination of viral RNA segments has not been observed previously.

The extent of spread of the swine virus has sent news organizations, governments, and health agencies into a full-tilt pandemic preparedness mode. It’s certainly advisable to be cautious when dealing with a potentially lethal virus, but is it likely that this is the next pandemic strain?

The influenza season is nearly over in the northern hemisphere - it usually does not continue beyond May. Increasing temperature and humidity are likely to curtail transmission of the virus very rapidly. The same virus could return in the fall, but by then a vaccine could be produced and distributed.

The southern hemisphere is another story - the influenza season there is just starting. It is certainly possible that this swine virus might cause extensive epidemics.

Remember that the virus that is scaring everyone is of the H1 subtype. One of the currently circulating human influenza viruses is also of the H1 subtype - the human H1N1 virus. Although the swine H1N1 virus is antigenically different from the human H1N1 virus, it is possible that those who have been infected with the human strain could be partially protected from the swine strain. Such individuals might experience less severe disease than those with no immunological memory of an H1 virus. I have not seen immunological data that would allow assessment of this possibility.

Pandemic influenza has always been a consequence of viruses of a new subtype - for example the 1968 pandemic was caused by a virus of the H3N2 subtype, which replaced the H2N2 virus. The swine virus is of the same subtype as the currently circulating human H1N1 strain. Of course, if the swine H1 HA protein is sufficiently different from the human H1 HA protein it could lead to a pandemic despite being of the same subtype.

Infection of a Spanish woman with a swine H1N1 virus was reported in February of 2009. That virus appears to be phylogenetically close to European swine influenza viruses. Such infections have been reported from time to time, and most likely represent dead-end transmission of a pig virus to a human. The H1N1 swine influenza virus circulating in the Americas has acquired the ability to be transmitted among humans. Within the next few weeks we should learn whether it has the capability of spreading throughout the entire southern hemisphere.

Van Reeth, K, & Nicoll, A (2009). A human case of swine influenza virus infection in Europe - Implications for human health and research Eurosurveillance, 14 (7), 19124-19125


From: Virology Blog

Monday, April 27, 2009

Babi Oh Babi...

Selesema babi cetus kebimbangan global


HONG KONG - Pegawai-pegawai kesihatan di Asia berada dalam keadaan berjaga-jaga semalam ketika penyakit selesema babi yang membunuh puluhan orang di Mexico kini menular ke New Zealand sekali gus meningkatkan risiko berlakunya wabak global.

Kerajaan rantau Asia yang pernah bergelut dengan wabak Sindrom Pernafasan Akut Teruk (SARS) dan selesema burung, meningkatkan pengawasan di lapangan-lapangan terbang dan menggesa orang ramai supaya berwaspada.

Langkah itu susulan pengumuman Menteri Kesihatan New Zealand, Tony Ryall semalam bahawa 10 pelajar negara itu yang baru-baru ini melawat Mexico dijangkiti selesema babi.

"Saya dimaklumkan oleh pegawai-pegawai kesihatan bahawa mereka disyaki menghidap selesema babi," katanya.

Menurutnya, sampel darah semua pelajar itu sudah dihantar ke makmal Pertubuhan Kesihatan Dunia (WHO) di Melbourne bagi mendapatkan kepastian.

Sementara itu, pegawai-pegawai Mexico memberitahu, angka kematian akibat wabak baru itu meningkat kepada 81 orang di mana 10 daripada mereka dipercayai dijangkiti di Amerika Syarikat, dua di Perancis dan seorang di Israel.

Penularan cepat itu dipercayai berpunca daripada perjalanan udara di peringkat antarabangsa.


Kelmarin, WHO memberi amaran virus selesema babi berpotensi merebak menjadi pandemik dan melabel wabak semasa sebagai cemas dan mencetuskan kebimbangan antarabangsa.

Di Jepun, pihak berkuasa mengetatkan pemeriksaan terhadap para penumpang dari Mexico dengan mereka diberi topeng muka dan menjalani imbasan termal bagi memastikan sama ada mereka mengalami demam.

"Jepun perlu memastikan penyakit itu tidak merebak ke dalam negara ini," kata Perdana Menteri Taro Aso.

Kawalan ketat turut dilaksanakan di Hong Kong, Indonesia dan Thailand.

Penghidap penyakit yang dipercayai berpunca daripada jenis terbaru virus H1N1 itu akan mengalami demam, sakit tekak, batuk, sakit sendi yang diikuti dengan jangkitan paru-paru.

Setakat ini ubat untuk selesema burung Tamiflu dikatakan berkesan merawat penyakit maut itu. - AFP


Sumber : KOSMO Online

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Top 10 Bizarre Mating Animal Mating Rituals

No. 10 - Hippo Mating Ritual
The male hippo attracts a female by using his tail to spray her with his feces.

No. 09 - Flatworm Mating Ritual
Because they are hermaphrodites, flatworms duke it out with their penises to decide which one will be the woman.


No. 08 - Midge Mating Ritual
In certain midges, intercourse appears to include kissing, but it is in fact the female sucking out the male's bodily fluids. Romantic, huh?

No. 07 - Angler Fish Mating Ritual
The male anglerfish latches onto the female like a parasite, living off her food and fertilizing her when she's ready to lay egg

No. 06 - Cichlid Fish Mating Ritual
Cichlid fish eggs are fertilized by the male while they're being carried in the female's mouth.


No. 04 - Red-Side Garter Snake Mating Ritual
During the mating season, the red-side garter snake will engage in a massive orgy, with one female taking on hundreds of partners.

No. 03 - Bedbug Mating Ritual
The female bedbug mates by getting jabbed in the abdomen by the male's penis.


No. 02 - Porcupine Mating Ritual
The male porcupine showers the female with a long stream of urine before mating.

No. 01 - Octopus Mating Ritua
The male octopus's penis breaks off during mating, but don't worry, it will grow back the following season.

Friday, April 24, 2009

Chicken a la Carte

This film is about the hunger and poverty brought about by Globalization. There are 10,000 people dying everyday due to hunger and malnutrition. This short film shows a forgotten portion of the society. The people who live on the refuse of men to survive. What is inspiring is the hope and spirituality that never left this people.

Monday, April 20, 2009

The View Near a Black Hole


In the center of a swirling whirlpool of hot gas is likely a beast that has never been seen directly: a black hole. Studies of the bright light emitted by the swirling gas frequently indicate not only that a black hole is present, but also likely attributes. The gas surrounding GRO J1655-40, for example, has been found to display an unusual flickering at a rate of 450 times a second. Given a previous mass estimate for the central object of seven times the mass of our Sun, the rate of the fast flickering can be explained by a black hole that is rotating very rapidly. What physical mechanisms actually cause the flickering -- and a slower quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) -- in accretion disks surrounding black holes and neutron stars remains a topic of much research.

Friday, April 17, 2009

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Thursday, April 16, 2009

Golongan yang menghina al-Quran

Golongan yang menghina al-Quran

Menurut Ibnu Taimiyyah dan Ibnu Qaiyyim (dalam karangan mereka) bahawa masyarakat di zaman Nabi telah memulaukan al-Quran dengan 5 cara yang utama iaitu:

1. Membiarkan al-Quran tanpa dibaca.
2. Memulaukan al-Quran tanpa digunakan untuk mencari jalan petunjuk.
3. Memulaukan al-Quran tanpa mengambil hukum hakamnya.
4. Memulaukan al-Quran tanpa mengambil kira isinya dan kepentingannya untuk kehidupan.
5. Memulaukan al-Quran dengan tidak menjadikannya sebagai sumber atau jalan penyelesaian kepada pelbagai masalah kehidupan manusia dari segi rohani mahupun jasmani.

Ramai manusia atau umat Islam hari ini tidak sedar akan hakikat ini. Mereka menganggapkan seolah-olah bahawa al-Quran itu hanyalah buku yang perlu disimpan dengan serapi-rapinya di dalam almari-almari tersembunyi tanpa perlu dibaca dan difahami isinya.

Inilah bentuk pemikiran umat Islam pada zaman ini yang cukup sempit. Sebab itulah setiap hari kita dipaparkan dengan pelbagai ragam masalah umat Islam di media-media massa. Ini adalah sebab dan akibatnya mereka memulaukan dan meminggirkan al-Quran.

Ketahuilah bahawa, sebagai umat Islam yang sebenar-benarnya, rujukan kita yang paling agong dan paling tinggi sebagai panduan dan petunjuk jalan kehidupan di dunia ini adalah al-Quranul Karim dan al-Hadis (as-Sunnah) dan seterusnya para ulama dan ilmuan. Tetapi hakikatnya pada hari ini, semua bentuk rujukan tersebut begitu diabaikan oleh para masyarakat secara umumnya.

Saturday, April 11, 2009

Siapakah.......

SAMA-SAMALAH KITA MENGHAYATINYA...........

Siapakah orang yang sibuk?
Orang yang sibuk adalah orang yang tidak mengambil berat akan waktu solatnya seolah-olah ia mempunyai kerajaan seperti kerajaan Nabi Sulaiman a.s

Siapakah orang yang manis senyumanya?
Orang yang mempunyai senyuman yang manis adalah orang yang ditimpa musibah lalu dia kata "Inna lillahi wainna illaihi rajiuun." Lalu sambil
berkata,"Ya Rabbi Aku redha dengan ketentuanMu ini", sambil mengukir senyuman.

Siapakah orang yang kaya?
Orang yang kaya adalah orang yang bersyukur dengan apa yang ada dan tidak lupa akan kenikmatan dunia yang sementara ini.

Siapakah orang yang miskin?
Orang yang miskin adalah orang tidak puas dengan nikmat yang ada sentiasa menumpuk-numpukkan harta.

Siapakah orang yang rugi?
Orang yang rugi adalah orang yang sudah sampai usia pertengahan namun masih berat untuk melakukan ibadat dan amal-amal kebaikan...

Siapakah orang yang paling cantik?
Orang yang paling cantik adalah orang yang mempunyai akhlak yang baik.

Siapakah orang yang mempunyai rumah yang paling luas?
Orang yang mempunyai rumah yang paling luas adalah orang yang mati membawa amal-amal kebaikan di mana kuburnya akan di perluaskan saujana mata memandang.

Siapakah orang yang mempunyai rumah yang sempit lagi dihimpit?
Orang yang mempunyai rumah yang sempit adalah orang yang mati tidak membawa amal-amal kebaikkan lalu kuburnya menghimpitnya...

Siapakah orang yang mempunyai akal?
Orang yang mempunyai akal adalah orang-orang yang menghuni syurga kelak kerana telah mengunakan akal sewaktu di dunia untuk menghindari siksa neraka..

Siapakah org yg KEDEKUT ?
Orang yg kedekut ialah org yg membiarkan artikel ini begitu sahaja, malah dia tidak menyampaikan pula pada org lain.

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Sunday, April 5, 2009

NAILS IN THE FENCE

Make sure you read all the way

down to the last sentence.


(Most importantly the last sentence)


There once was a little boy who

had a bad temper. His Father

gave him a bag of nails and

told him that every time he lost

his temper, he must hammer a

nail into the back of the fence.


The first day the boy had

driven 37 nails into the fence.

Over the next few weeks, as he

learned to control his anger, the

number of nails hammered

daily gradually dwindled

down. He discovered it was

easier to hold his temper than to

drive those nails into the fence.

Finally the day came when the

boy! didn't lose his temper at

all.


He told his father about it and

the father suggested that the

boy now pull out one nail for

each day that he was able to

hold his temper..


The days passed and the young

boy was finally able to tell his

father that all the nails were

gone.


The father took his son by the

hand and led him to the fence.

He said, 'You


have done well, my son, but

look at the holes in the fence..

The fence will never be the same.

When you say things in anger,

they leave a scar just like this

one. You can put a knife in a

man and draw it out. But It

won't matter how many times

you say I'm sorry, the wound

will still be there. A verbal

wound is as bad as a physical

one. Remember that friends are

very rare jewels, indeed. They

make you smile and encourage

you to succeed. They lend an

ear, they share words of praise

and they always want to open

their hearts to us.'


Show your friends how much

you care. Send this to everyone

you consider a FRIEND, even if

it means sending it back to the

person who sent it to you! If it

comes back to you, you will

then know you have a circle of

friends..


YOU ARE MY FRIEND AND I AM HONORED!

Now send this to every friend you have!! And to your family (they need to know that you love them too).

Please forgive me if I have ever left a 'hole' in your fence.

Saturday, April 4, 2009

My Brute


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Quran digital, terjemahan bahasa melayu n english, bacaan dan ayat mengikut resam uthmani..

LInk dah mati.. huhu.. google je la

Friday, April 3, 2009

TDR

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Thursday, April 2, 2009

Sumsing Turbo 3000 Cellphone

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